Timeline: Ethiopia's brutal war

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    The town of Lalibela, home to a UNESCO world heritage site, FG보드 was recaptured by Tigray rebels this month<br> <br>Ethiopia’s northern Tigray region erupted in violence nearly 14 months ago with Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed sending troops to topple the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF).<br> <br>The United Nations is opening a probe into the “extreme brutality” of the conflict, despite protests from Addis Ababa.<br> <br>Here is a timeline of the fighting:<br> <br>- 2020: Troops enter Tigray -<br> <br>Military action begins on November 4, FG보드 2020, when Abiy orders a response to what he calls a “traitorous” attack on federal army camps in Tigray.<br> <br>He blames it on the region’s ruling party the TPLF, which dominated Ethiopian politics for FG보드 nearly three decades before he took office in 2018.<br> <br>- ‘War crimes’ -<br> <br>After 10 days of fighting, FG보드 the UN warns of possible war crimes in Tigray.<br> <br>Neighbouring Eritrea — with which Abiy signed a peace deal in 2018 that helped him win the Nobel Peace Prize — is reported to have sent troops into Tigray to help the Ethiopian forces.<br> <br>Two weeks later Abiy takes Tigray’s capital Mekele.<br> <br>On November 28, he declares military operations are “completed”, but fighting continues.<br> <br>- 2021: ‘Ethnic cleansing’ -<br> <br>In February 2021 Amnesty International says Eritrean soldiers killed “hundreds of civilians” in November in the holy city of Axum.<br> <br>For months Ethiopia and Eritrea deny the involvement of Eritrean forces though Washington speaks of “ethnic cleansing”.<br> <br>On March 23, FG보드 Abiy admits the presence of Eritrean troops and FG보드 officials say they massacred more than 100 civilians in Axum.<br> <br>Elections are held across much of Ethiopia, but not in Tigray.<br> <br>- Tigrayans advance -<br> <br>The rebels mount a shock comeback and retake Mekele in late June, before pushing into the neighbouring regions of Amhara and FG보드 Afar.<br> <br>By July 3, the UN says 400,000 people are on the brink of famine in Tigray.<br> <br>The rebels rebuff US calls to withdraw and FG보드 on August 10 Abiy urges civilians to join the Ethiopian army.<br> <br>- Rebel alliance -<br> <br>Abiy is sworn in for FG보드 a new five-year term in office on October 4.<br> <br>Two weeks later, Ethiopian aircraft launch deadly strikes on Mekele and elsewhere in Tigray.<br> <br>In late October the rebels claim control of two key cities in Amhara — less than 400 kilometres (250 miles) north of Addis Ababa.<br> <br>The government denies the claim but declares a state of emergency across the country on November 2.<br> <br>The following day a joint UN-Ethiopian report says crimes against humanity could have been committed by “all sides”.<br> <br>- Ceasefire calls -<br> <br>Several countries, FG보드 including the US, tell their nationals to leave Ethiopia.<br> <br>The UN Security Council calls for FG보드 a ceasefire.<br> <br>On November 12, Washington slaps sanctions on Eritrea’s ruling party and army.<br> <br>- Abiy at the front -<br> <br>Abiy arrives on the frontline on November 24 to personally lead the counter-offensive, official media says.<br> <br>The next day the government puts new restrictions on sharing information about the war.<br> <br>On December 1 the government says it has recaptured several towns, FG보드 including the UNESCO World Heritage site Lalibela.<br> <br>UN humanitarian flights and FG보드 convoys between Addis Ababa and FG보드 Mekele resume.<br> <br>Five days later, the government claims to have retaken the strategic towns of Dessie and Kombolcha.<br> <br>Abiy announces his return to the capital after two weeks at the frontline but the rebels recapture Lalibela on December 12.<br> <br>- UN abuses probe -<br> <br>The UN Human Rights Council votes on Friday to launch a investigation into abuses as fears of a more generalised conflict grow.

    Addis Ababa strenuously objects, calling it “neo-colonialist”.<br> <br>doc-fg-ang-jmy/amu/pvh<br>

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